tv BBC World News America PBS July 7, 2011 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT
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>> this is "bbc world news america," reporting from washington. bad news, damaged by a phone hacking scandal, "news of the world," closes as of britain's best-selling newspaper after a run of over 100 years. >> certain individuals did not live up to the standards and qualities of journalism that we believe in. >> medical breakthroughs, for the first time scientists have been able to make an organ at of synthetic materials. will we have -- the end of an era is here for the space program. will mother nature cooperate?
>> welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. it is the scandal which has stunned britain and today came the biggest bombshell of all. "news of the world," has been shut down. this has been in print since the 1800's. this comes after a public outcry. news corp. controls 40% of newspaper distribution in the u.k. and has a worldwide reach. >> this has been the famous newspaper in britain but the "news of the world," is being shut because it became famous for all the wrong reasons. this afternoon, the chairmen of news international announced that this sunday's edition will be the last and all revenues
will go to good causes. it is revelation that journalism with a thoroughly bad. the acting of the mobile phones of a schoolgirl and the phone of one of the parents of another victim. also the families of soldiers killed in action. >> we are speaking to journalists. this is an hour before it happened. they were feeling very beleaguered and very disgruntled. >> of this 80-year-old brought the news of the world in 1969. it was a huge money spinner. this represents a huge to mission. >> what prospects for the current staff? they are invited to apply for
another job. some believe that the "news of the world," may be reborn within days. >> this is a management stunt. he gets rid of problems and in this case, no one in the senior management is involved in these problems. the workers are going and there is no doubt it will become the sunday fun. the culture that has driven the circumstances is as much circumstance as the same editors as "the son," as the "news of the world." >> there are those who have responsibility. they are taking their responsibility and i don't think those two things have happened. >> the "news of the world,"
continued existence was problematic for british broadcasting. the murdoch family has been ruthless in killing of a newspaper that has been their golden goose. >> the chairmen of "news international," stood by the company's chief executive but did offer this statement on the practices that have come under such scrutiny. >> i feel regret. clearly practices of certain individuals did not live up to the standards of quality journalism that we believe then, that i believe then and that his company believes then. >> for more on the announcement, i spoke with a former conservative minister who led a review into the way that the british press operates.
rupert murdoch currently controls 40% of british newspaper sales. does closing "news of the world," make much difference? >> i suspect that one of his other tabloids will have a sunday edition. i think the extraordinary thing is that we were ever prepared to allow this man to have this kind of control over british life. he has never really bought into this society. he is and i australian who became an american to preserve his media ownership. in america, you have to be an american to own substantial media interests. this is a cancer is pollution of corruption that has been led by this newspaper which appears to have no shame whatsoever and
hacking into the mobile phone and messages from the mobile phone of a 13-year-old murder victim. >> this is a man who has been able to quite literally make and break prime ministers of great britain. >> i know exactly how it seems. it came about because mrs. thatcher, i think that she did great things for this country as everyone in america appreciates. i tell you, she fell upon the neck of murdoch because here was a man who believed the same things that she did when she felt that she was under attack from every other section of the media. he was very clever in the way that he courted her. he built up his power base said
that every successful prime minister has felt the need to cringe in front of rupert murdoch. >> tony blair called him three times in the 10 days before the war on iraq. he called him on the eve of invasion. does rupert murdoch's power over british politicians extent to american politicians as well? >> of course, i have no detailed knowledge of american politics but there's no doubt that sense fox news came on the scene, the growth of the more exotic right wing and politics, the tea party, and a lot of other shock jocks and so on, there is no doubt that their influence is on the american politicians which i deplore.
he is better able to cope with murdoch than the uk. as a prime minister, you have to also ask his permission to do stuff. he has become an over might be subject. david cameron is often photographed in the company of the chief executive of mr. murdoch's executive -- and mr. murdoch's british operations. at some point, he needs to be seen off. >> we have continued fallout from this. they have identified 4000 possible phone hacking victims and hundreds more have contacted them saying that they might have been targeted. we have the latest on the investigation. >> this might have spelled the
end to the biggest newspaper. the repercussions of its existence will continue. the police are facing questions. the military was shot by new allegations. hundreds of people might be victims. the police are struggling to cope with calls from people worried that their privacy has been breached. on top of that, the most senior policemen as a separate inquiry. the "news of the world," documents prove that journalists applied his officers' for stories. >> a small number of officers might have engaged in such a practice. that is what it is. i am determined to do what we should do. >> the former upload news of the world," editor told a court that he knew nothing about it. the reaction from campaigning labor mp tom watson --
>> two days ago, they said they had handed over documents to the metropolitan police that showed payments for authorized to police officers. either they did not tell the truth. >> discovering the truth could take months and could involve delving into the history of relationships with in this force and that newspaper. the military families became the latest group to erupt in anger against alleged phone hacking. it has been alleged that some of their voice mails were intercepted. no family has come forward to say that police wanted them and they might be victims. even the allegations might be enough to force the british legion to pull out of its fund raising with the "news of the world." >> this brings into question the level of support they have been
providing to the families. >> police are investigating the case of a man killed in afghanistan. according to his father, e-mail messages he received after his death had been read, he suspect by hackers. "they need to be called to account for what they have done and to suffer whatever punishment is appropriate. i am sure that will happen but it will take time. >> he is likely to be right. public inquiries and the scrutiny of what went on in this newspaper could continue for years. >> now off for news from around the world. humberto leal garcia -- president ali abdullah saleh has appeared on state television after his injuries.
he stressed the need for dialogue to resolve yemen's problems. european central bank has raised its main interest rate by a quarter of a percent to try to keep a lid on inflation. the decision by the bank is controversial and the country is already struggling with government debt crisis. greece and portugal face higher borrowing costs. almost 60 years ago, doctors performed the world's first working transplant. scientists and london and sweden have gone a step further. they have managed to perform transplants surgery without using a donor. they were placed a windpipe with the world's first synthetic organ. >> this is how the world's first synthetic organ was made, dipping a glass mold into a liquid polymer which made an
exact copy of the patient's windpipe. it was traded at these laboratories and london and then flown to sweden. >> the synthetic windpipe was eighth in a solution of themselves -- bathed in a solution of stem cells. a synthetic body part has become the patient's own. it is in the operating theater, being cut to size moments before being transplanted. the ability to create a synthetic organ is a significant moment in this field of surgery. >> this does not rely on a human donation. you can have it immediately. there is no delay. you do not need any immunosuppression. >> the patient is being
discharged tomorrow and they know that without the transplant, he would have died. his voice is still recovering. what next? look at this. this is a 1 meter long synthetic artery. it was made in just 20 minutes. this is one of many body parts the scientists say that they can create at will. once we can make a bigger diameter. this is moving to other parts of the body. >> this material does have limits. it cannot be used to create complex organs like the heart, liver or kidney. scientists hope it will point the way to more transplants.
>> just incredible. you are watching "bbc world news america," still to come, 100 years after much to teach to was discovered, some say it was never really lost. -- 100 years after machu picchu was discovered. aid organizations are looking to help the horn of africa. many countries have been hard hit by the lack of water. it is thought that as many as 10 million people might have been affected. we have been in the refugee camp and we have this story. >> we are here in one of the clinics and the condition of some of them all nursed children that we have been following has started to improve slightly. once they are given medical attention and they are given some milk as well, they start to
respond and get a little bit stronger. the problem is making sure that all of the malnourished children who arrive here actually get that medical attention. we were with one team and they were going around the camp trying to persuade mothers that they should go into the hospital with their very malnourished children. occasionally they don't want to come to the hospital because they have other children to look after and they need to go and get firewood and so on. they think coming to the hospital with a week child would be a distraction. so often, they would be able -- be prepared to sacrifice one of their children, to let them die to help the other children. that is one of the tragedies here in this refugee camp. we are talking to a nurse who is working here are around the clock.
she had a child that she was cradling in her arms to diet and she found that very dramatic. aid agencies here say they are over struts and this can't is overwhelmed with refugees from somalia. they are arriving over time. 383,000 people right now with the figure is rising all the time. >> tomorrow to more than half a million people are expected to gather at cape canaveral to watch this space shuttle atlantis lifted off. after three decades and billions of miles, this is the final flight forward the shuttle program. our science correspondent is there and he filed this report. >> atlantis on the launch pad, the last of its kind poised for the final mission. it has taken weeks of effort to get to this moment.
the space shuttles have been flying for 30 years. this will mark the end of america's ability to send people into space. the ground crews and the senior managers, it is bound to be an emotional time for them. >> i have shed tears at each of the landings of the last two orbiters and i will do the same as this orbiter lands. we put so much into this program. there will be tears of pride and joy. >> this massive building is where they have been assembling the space shuttle and before them, the apollo rockets. the shuttle's one not be remembered in the same way. their job was to deliver people and cargo and they have had real success. the hubble telescope was called up on a shuttle and later repaired. >> this is looking really good.
>> the result, these spectacular images of the most decent read -- deepest reaches of the universe. there is an orbiting laboratory now the size of a football field. in '96, the challenger exploded. all seven people on board were killed including a teacher invited along to show how space travel is safe. in 2003, the columbia broke up, another seven people were killed. a disastrous record for a craft meant to make the weekly or but routine. >> the achievements were quite remarkable. they have come a tremendous cost the anything of this kind of value comes with tremendous cost. the greater the value, often greater the cost. >> for now, well, all eyes are on the images from space of the
storms over florida. conditions don't look good. the dark clouds over the launch pad. even space-age technology can be humbled by the weather. >> for the latest on whether the weather will cooperate, we go live now to cape canaveral. looking pretty great. it looks a bit miserable where you are. will it take off or not? >> you can see that the dark clouds are still there. they are looming over the space center. the shuttle will not be launched on schedule for safety reasons. it will be delayed for at least a day. you can see atlantis on the launch pad. that is the last shuttle and mission for this fleet. the first shuttle was launched 30 years ago. the mackenzie space center, the apollo rockets.
the launch of atlantis is the end of america's space exploration. >> what do think about this question that david was raising in a report about whether it has been worth it in terms of financial cost or the cost in human life. do you think this has produced enough to justify those costs? >> this is a risky business. this does not come without cost. this was supposed to give regular access to space. it cost more than a billion dollars to launch. this delivered some benefit. it launched countless satellites including the hubble scope. at the end of the day, they decided that the shuttle was too expensive and dangerous to
contend with. the problem is that they don't know what will replace it or when it will come online. for now, american astronauts will rely upon the russians to travel into space. >> thank you for joining us. now to take marvell found in the mountains approve. machu picchu is a site shrouded in mystery. 100 years ago, and explore was thrust into the international spotlight claiming that he discovered the site. it was never lost at all. >> it is a stunning and iconic landmark. this is much more than an archaeological site. this has become a symbol of national identity even though
its origins are still shrouded in mystery. >> it is unclear whether this is a mythical lost city but that takes nothing away from it solitary majesty. the mystery of how and why. some believe it might have been a refuge for daimler. others said it was a religious sanctuary. this is all part of the attraction for the tourists who visited the citadel every year. now, the world heritage site, machu picchu rarely disappoints. >> i don't think that there is anything similar all over the world. i and pressed. "100 years ago, the american story of hiram bingham claimed to discover the side. most experts agree that he is not the first to rediscover machu picchu. a proven explore had been there
a decade earlier. >> it was not an undiscovered world, terribly difficult and dangerous. bingham was taken on a very good path by people who knew the place and they told him that up above there was an archaeological site. >> the story of this discovery might have been romanticized, jetblue is still celebrating the anniversary. the expedition is said to have made this i know one of the world famous. >> -- the expedition is said to have made this one known wonder of the world famous. >> this marked the beginning of a new phase of? 's modern history -- this marked the beginning of a new phase of peru's modern history. people looked at them with
admiration step of contempt. >> a century after the visit of been them, peruvians are happy to share this place with the world. their claim to reclaim machu picchu as their own. >> before we go, there is one more tradition we wanted to show you. thousands of through sickness took to the streets of pamplona in spain where the annual running of the bulls in spain. -- thousands of thrill seekers took to the streets of pamplona. no one was court in this race between man and beast. that brings us to the end of this forecast. you can find constant updates on our website. thank you for watching. have a good night.